About fire season
With the onset of spring and the fire season begins. Huge damage is done to the environment during the burning of dry vegetation, remnants of stubble in the fields. This creates a threat to forests, peatlands, human settlements.
Burning last year’s dry grass along roads, on forest edges, in fields and meadows, adults and children may not even suspect that spring burning is a real ecological disaster. As a result of burning dry grass, the species composition of meadow vegetation and the animal world is impoverished. Wherever burns have passed, there will not be the former forbs, more hardy weeds will capture the vacated territory. It is not only the plants that die in the fires of the fires, animals and birds die in the flames. The burning of dry grass stand causes the death of clutches and nesting places for birds, the nesting period of which begins in early April.
And yet, year after year, dry herbs continue to blaze. Conducting fires often leads to the ignition of peatlands and forest plantations.
With the onset of spring, one of the most difficult periods begins for forest protection workers, since the fire hazard situation has greatly aggravated; The heads of some farms, enterprises and, to a greater degree, the population of our district began to burn out dry vegetation, garbage, and kindle fires. On the eve of Easter holidays, garbage, old wreaths in the cemeteries area are burnt, which leads to the destruction of the stand adjacent to the burial sites. Foci of burning can be seen along the roads and railways, on the forest edges, hay fields, peatlands, and personal plots. As a rule, dry grass is burned by children who are unaware of what consequences their fun can bring, but quite often palahs are occupied by adults - some from misunderstanding, some because of irresponsibility. Every year, the main cause of forest fires is the violation of fire safety requirements by the population when breeding fires, in second place is the burning of logging residues by loggers, and the third is spring agricultural burners.
The Polotsk region annually suffers huge economic and environmental losses as a result of the spring burns. It is not just grass that is burning - the house in which we live is burning. Therefore, before you throw a match, you should think that these actions will cause irreparable damage to nature!
At the same time, it should be remembered that the burning of dry vegetation and agricultural burns are prohibited by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus. In accordance with the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Republic of Belarus:
- Article 15.29 “Violation of fire safety requirements in forests or on peatlands”, which did not cause damage, - shall entail a warning or a fine in the amount of up to 25 basic values (BV). If this led to the destruction or damage to the forest or peatlands, the act entails the imposition of a fine of 25 to 50 BV.
- Article 15.57 "Burning out of dry vegetation, grass on the vine, as well as stubble and crop residues in the fields or failure to take measures to eliminate fires" is punishable by a fine of 10 to 40 BV.
Kindle fires in prohibited places, in accordance with Art. 15.58., Shall be subject to a warning or a fine of up to 12 BV.
Visiting the forest, first of all it should be remembered that rest must be civilized.
According to the “Fire Safety Requirements in the Forests,” fires are forbidden to be planted in coniferous youngsters, old burnt woods, damaged forest areas (windfall, windbreak), peat bogs, logging sites with logging residues and harvested wood, in places with dried grass, under tree crowns. It is allowed to make fires in areas where there are no trees, bushes, dry grass (ie, not far from the forest, lake). The campfire site should be dug around a mineralized stripe not less than 0.25 m wide. By passing the need, the fire should be filled with water or covered with earth before the cessation of decay.
During the fire-hazardous period, the burning of grass, garbage is strictly prohibited, and making fires is not allowed. Do not pass by such blatant facts, help not to turn the beauty surrounding us into ashes!
Memo about forest fires
One of the most important tasks of the forest guard is the prevention and timely prevention of forest fires. All fires in the forest begin because of an external cause: there is no source of fire among the trees. Sometimes a random lightning strikes a forest, but more often - a MAN. This includes burning grass, careless handling of fire by fishermen and hunters, cleaning of house-side plots (burning garbage and grass) and mass trips of people to nature (making fires, negligence while smoking). Often this leads to serious consequences. The fire spreads to forests, outbuildings, residential and non-residential buildings.
The most common causes of the beginning of a forest fire:
abandoned burning match, cigarette butt, left fire;
the hunter fired, the wad began to glow or burn;
the driver left the oiled wiping material, refueled the equipment, without observing safety regulations, smoked near the refilled machine
someone was burning grass in the meadows near the forest;
a piece of glass thrown in a sunny place focused the sun's rays like an incendiary lens, etc.
Based on this, the state forest guard of the Vitebsk region informs: in connection with the introduction of a ban on visits to vehicles and the entry of vehicles into them, in order to ensure fire safety in forests and peat bogs, visiting and staying in forests of the population is forbidden, no careful handling of the fire source in the forest and surrounding areas. For violations of the ban (citizens in the forest) provides for administrative liability and a fine of up to 25 basic units.
Violation of fire regime
Noticing the forest fire immediately report the fire by phone. "8-0214 47 25 54"
The forest guard convincingly asks citizens to understand the introduced restrictions and bans aimed at preventing forest fires with understanding.